Enterovirus D68: Learn About Its Symptoms & Treatment

Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68, abbreviated EV-D68, belongs to a vast category of viruses known as enteroviruses. It is a major global contributor to acute lower respiratory tract diseases and was first discovered in California in 1962.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that in the U.S., EV-D68 is among the various non-polio enteroviruses that lead to 10 to 15 million annual health problems, especially in children. Here are some common questions about the EV-D68 disease.

Enterovirus D68

What Is Enterovirus D68?

EV-D68 is a non-polio enterovirus that leads to upper respiratory diseases, mostly in children and adolescents. EV-D68 is a quick-spreading virus, closely linked to diseases like hand-foot-and-mouth disease and polios.

What Are the Symptoms of Enterovirus D68?

Most children who acquire EV-D68 infections display mild to moderate symptoms including a runny nose, mild fever, coughing, sneezing, and body aches. Children with a history of any respiratory issues such as asthma, can experience severe complications like wheezing and difficulty breathing for which they may require hospitalization.

How Can Enterovirus D68 be Diagnosed?

EV-D68 can be diagnosed in patients with existing respiratory infections through lab tests with samples from an individual’s nose and throat. Many hospitals and some physicians’ offices can examine ill patients to confirm if they have enterovirus infection. However, most cannot conduct specific testing to ascertain the type of enterovirus like EV-D68.

How Dangerous Is Enterovirus D68?

EV-D68 can be highly dangerous to some individuals,but for most people, it usually is not serious. Young children with breathing problems such as asthma can develop severe breathing difficulties when afflicted with this enterovirus. Some of them will require hospitalized and supportive care.

How Does Enterovirus D68 Spread?

EV-D68 is believed to mainly pass on through respiratory secretions including saliva, nasal, mucus, and cough droplets. The virus then gets dispersed through an infected person’s coughs or sneezes, or through infected surfaces and hands.

A lot of people who have non-polio enteroviruses infections, do not experience symptoms, but can still pass on the virus to others. This makes it tough to keep the infection from spreading.

How Long Does Enterovirus D68 Last?

The extent and intensity of illness from a respiratory virus like EV-D68 differs from person to person. Most people will experience mild cold symptoms, an improvement in their health over a few days, and not require a doctor visit. However, children who have trouble breathing or undergo an asthma attack will require a doctor’s diagnosis.

What Is the Treatment for Enterovirus D68?

There is no specific Enterovirus D68 treatment available for respiratory diseases caused by EV-D68. However, you can use these guidelines to relieve symptoms:

  • For moderate respiratory health problem, one can help alleviate symptoms by consuming over-the-counter medicines for pain and fever.
  • Aspirin should NOT get administered to children.
  • Some people with critical respiratory illness may require hospitalization.

How to Prevent Enterovirus D68 Infections

There are still no vaccines for EV-D68, so parents and children should always stick to these necessary steps to prevent catching and spreading EV-D68 and other respiratory diseases:

  • Wash hands by applying soap and water for 20 seconds or use hand sanitizer or wipes
  • Avoid close contact including kissing, hugging or sharing eatables with sick people
  • Refrain from touching eyes, mouth and nose with dirty hands
  • Use a tissue or shirt sleeve instead of your hands to cover coughs and sneezes
  • Clean and disinfect all significant areas and items in the house
  • Stay indoors when sick

If you or your child experiences cold or flu-like symptoms, reach out to your nearest walk-in treatment for Enterovirus D68. You will get a timely and suitable treatment for Enterovirus D68 from medical professionals on visiting your local urgent care or walk-in clinic.

Tricare Military Healthcare Services: All That You Need to Know

Tricare Military Healthcare

The U.S. military is committed to the wellness of the community of individuals who serve to defend the nation, by staying forever on guard against the enemies. It offers excellent and affordable medical benefits to millions of soldiers and their families, under the military healthcare services in the form of Tricare.

Tricare Military Healthcare

What Is Tricare Military Healthcare Program?

Tricare is the healthcare system in the US that provides health insurance services to uniformed as well as retired service members and their families. It serves almost 10 million recipients worldwide, including Domestic Guard and Reserve members, retired persons, their families, qualified former spouses, and survivors. The Tricare is an authorized program under the U.S. Government and managed by Tricare Management Activity (TMA).

Timeline of Military Healthcare in the U.S.

The US government has been providing military healthcare since the initial years of U.S. History.

  • In 1884, on the request of the Congress, medical officers and surgeons from the Army started extending free care to soldiers and their families.

  • During the Second World War, the Congress authorized a program called the Emergency Maternal and Infant Care, for service member’s wives and children, to provide both maternity and infant care.

  • In 1956, during the Korean War, the Dependents Medical Care Act got converted into a law.

  • In 1966, Dependents Medical Care law got amended into the Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS).

  • In 1998, CHAMPUS military healthcare program got replaced with Tricare.

What Are the Benefits of Tricare Programs?

Military families under the TRICARE Network coverage are entitled to benefit from the many unbelievably special services it offers. The eligibility of a beneficiary for the various programs depends on their category and location.

Tricare Prime

  • Available worldwide as managed care option in Prime Service Areas.

  • Requires enrollment and provides lowest out-of-pocket expenses.

  • Most care extended at a military treatment facility (MTF) or inside the Tricare network by primary care manager (PCM).

  • PCM referrals needed for most specialty care for ADSMs.

  • TRICARE Prime fits the minimum essential coverage requirements under the Affordable Care Act.

Tricare Standard/Select

  • Earlier known as TRICARE Standard.

  • Fee-for-service scheme available worldwide for all non ADSMs beneficiaries.

  • Accessible through any authorized TRICARE provider (network or non-network).

  • No referrals are needed, but prior authorization may be required by some care.

  • You aren’t required to pay anything except your copay for visiting a network provider but for a non-network provider, the total cost can be reimbursed.

Tricare Retired Reserve (TRR)

  • Premium supported health plan.

  • Available for purchase worldwide by competent retired reserve members and survivor.

  • Care from an authorized TRICARE provider (network or non-network).

  • Referral not needed.

  • Some services need prior authorization.

Tricare For Life

  • Tricare beneficiaries, with both Medicare part A & B, are offered secondary coverage.

  • Care from any TRICARE authorized provider.

Other Tricare Benefits
Here are some other services offered by Tricare you may not be aware of:

  • Tricare overseas program (top)
  • Tricare young adult (tya) program
  • Pharmacy benefits with Tricare
  • Tricare dental programs
  • Va medical care
  • Parenting and pregnancy resources
  • Mental health programs and resources
  • Health and wellness programs and resources

How Does Tricare Provide Service?

Tricare merges the military health resources together with the scheme of civilian healthcare business, institutions, pharmacies, and suppliers to offer worldwide access to affordable and superior health care services. While it’s a significant money-saving advantage for military families, individuals connected to the armed forces should understand the eligibility conditions before their enrollment in a suitable plan.

Who is Eligible for Tricare?

Tricare is accessible to active-duty service members(ADSMs) and retired persons under the seven uniformed services of Army, Marine Corps, Corps accredited under the Public Health Service, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard, and the Corps accredited under the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association.

Tricare is also available for close members of the family and survivors of military personnel. To be eligible, enrollment in the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System(DEERS) is a must for family members.

Reserve Forces and National Guard Members are eligible for a distinct plan called Tricare Reserve Select. They become eligible for complete Tricare benefits after being called to active duty for a period exceeding 30 days.