A Detailed Guide to Ketogenic Diet Program for Beginners

Ketogenic Diet

You might have heard about the immensely popular ketogenic or keto diet. It includes a very low-carb but high-fat diet that offers many benefits including improved health, weight loss, better physical and mental performance, and a lot more. If you are planning to start the ketogenic diet, you must consider certain vital things before embarking on your keto journey.

Ketogenic Diet

Here is a handy guide to provide you with the essential information on the ketogenic diet for maintaining a proper keto lifestyle.

What Is the Mechanism of the Ketogenic Diet?

The keto diet is popularly known by many different names including ketogenic diet, low carb diet, low carb high fat (LCHF), etc. When you consume high carb foods, your body manufactures glucose and insulin. Since the glucose is the principal energy source, your fats are not required and are therefore accumulated in the body.

By limiting the intake of carbs, the body is impelled into a state called ketosis. Ketosis is a normal process the body starts to help us remain alive when food intake is minimal. During this state, your body produces ketones from the fat degeneration in the liver.

The end goal of a correctly followed keto diet is to propel your body into this metabolic condition where it will start to burn ketones as the key energy source.

Who Should Not Try the Keto Diet?

Ideally, it’s always good to consult your doctor before beginning this regimen. With that mentioned, “the keto diet isn’t advised for the individuals who:

  • Have a gastrointestinal problem
  • Are suffering from liver or kidney diseases
  • Had their gallbladder removed
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Have certain rare genetic ailments

Benefits of a Ketogenic Diet

Numerous benefits come with being on keto: from weight loss and increased energy levels to therapeutic medical applications. Here are some benefits you can beget from a ketogenic diet:

  • Weight Loss
  • Controlled Blood Sugar
  • Improved Mental Focus
  • Increased Energy & Normalized Hunger
  • Epilepsy Cure
  • Appropriate Cholesterol & Blood Pressure Levels
  • Healthy Insulin Range
  • Acne Cure

What You Should and Should Not Consume on a Keto Diet

What you should intake depends on how quickly you want to enter a ketogenic state. The more particular you are on your carbohydrates (below 15g per day), the quicker you will enter ketosis.

What Not to Eat
You cannot eat the following types of foods:

  • Grains
  • Legumes
  • Refined sugars
  • Fruits
  • Tubers
  • Low-fat dairy
  • Refined Oils

What to Eat
You can consume the following types of foods:

  • Meats
  • Fish and seafood
  • Eggs
  • Leafy greens & above ground vegetables
  • Natural fats
  • High-fat dairy
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Avocado and other low glycemic impact berries
  • Low-carb sweeteners and dark chocolates

What to Drink
You can drink the following beverage items:

  • Water
  • Coffee with some cream minus sugar
  • Black or herbal tea
  • Bone broth/soup
  • Limited Alcohol minus beer

Common Adverse Effects of Keto Diet

While your body is adjusting to exhausting ketones as your new energy source, you may undergo a range of unpleasant short-term symptoms. These symptoms are called “the keto flu” which occur due to low-sodium levels in your body. Some common side effects include:

  • A headache and Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Heart Palpitations

Migraine Prevention: The First Drug Gets Approved by the FDA

Migraine Prevention

With the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s approval of the pharma drug Aimovig in May 2018, patients with headaches will have a new choice to resolve the problem. It’s the first drug of its kind, designed to prevent chronic migraines.

Migraine Prevention

Here are ways that Aimovig and other new drugs will help bring pain relief to patients:

Intensity of Migraines

About 25% of U.S. households have some type of migraine problem, according to the Migraine Research Foundation. Roughly 10 million Americans experience migraines on a regular basis, particularly female adults in their 30s. These severe headaches can last for many hours and sometimes multiple days. The symptoms of this painful condition include:

  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Severe throbbing pain concentrated in one area of the head

The Mayo Clinic says that some people experience tingling on one side of the face or in a limb. Some of the causes of migraines may be stress, poor diet and insufficient sleep time. According to the FDA, one-third of individuals who suffer migraines are able to sense the onset from visual and other sensory disturbances. Some people see flashing lights, while others experience vision loss. Although lifestyle changes and medications have helped reduce pain in the past, the arrival of Aimovig reflects a major advancement in improved treatment.

How Aimovig Works in Migraine Prevention

Aimovig is a product of a joint venture between California-based Amgen Inc. and Swiss pharma developer Novartis AG. The new drug is self-administered with a monthly injection from a pen-like device that costs $6,900 per year if the patient lacks medical insurance.

A recent study showed that patients receiving Aimovig reduced the number of days with migraines from eight to four per month. Even control group subjects who were given dummy shots saw a reduction of two migraine days. The side effects of colds and respiratory infections affected both groups. Most of the participants encountered at least one less episode of migraines per month. In some cases of the three clinical trials, migraines were completely eliminated.

More Testing Needed

One of the reasons patients abandon pain treatments is due to unsatisfactory results that include negative side effects. Aimovig will need further testing by Amgen to determine long-term safety. The company will be focused on how well this migraine prevention drug works for pregnant women. Meanwhile, three other new shots and several pills are expected to be approved in the next year.

Acute Bronchitis: Its Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Acute Bronchitis

Acute bronchitis is an inflammation of air tubes (bronchial tubes) that bring oxygen into the lungs. It is a form of lower respiratory tract infection that can be caused by bacteria, virus, or airborne irritants. If you have chronic upper respiratory health conditions like asthma, you may be more susceptible to acute bronchitis.

Mostly, acute bronchitis develops suddenly and typically clears up in 3 to 10 days. Since it is a temporary condition and generally does not lead to any permanent breathing difficulties, acute bronchitis treatment is neither prolonged nor complicated.

Acute Bronchitis

Read on to get more information about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of acute bronchitis.

What are the Symptoms of Acute Bronchitis?

Each person is different, and symptoms will vary depending on the cause of inflammation. The symptoms associated with acute bronchitis are similar to those of the cold and flu and you may experience the following:

  • Chest congestion
  • A runny nose
  • A sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Fever & chills
  • Breathing difficulties
  • Extreme fatigue

If you are undergoing severe shortness of breath, seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

How is Acute Bronchitis Diagnosed?

Acute bronchitis usually develops suddenly and can persist for 3 to 10 days. For many people, bronchitis will disappear without any treatment at all. If you visit the doctor, your diagnosis will include:

  • Lung examination, possibly through an X-ray if they sound congested.

  • Questions about any recent illnesses, shortness of breath, or other breathing difficulties.

  • Throat cultures and blood tests may be used to rule out other health conditions.

Treatment and Cure for Acute Bronchitis

There is no single acute bronchitis treatment. In most cases, your doctor will allow the condition to run its course naturally. You will be advised to do the following:

  • Drink plenty of fluids and run a humidifier.

  • Consume warm tea or chicken broth to soothe your sore throat and loosen the mucus.

  • Take over the counter medications for relieving your symptoms.

Preventing Acute Bronchitis

To avoid acute bronchitis, you need to take care of your lungs. You should remember to follow these guidelines to prevent the onset of acute bronchitis:

  • If you are recovering from the cold or the flu, follow your doctor’s orders and get plenty of rest.

  • Don’t expose yourself to lung irritants like tobacco smoke and people who have colds or other contagious illnesses.

  • Make sure to eat a healthy diet and take a supplement if you start to feel under the weather.

Acute bronchitis cases normally cure on their own and don’t involve doctor’s treatment. However, if you observe unusual symptoms, or if persistent coughing always accompany your cold infection, you should get medical care right away to rule out any underlying health problems.

Insomnia: What Are the Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention Tips


If you have difficulty falling asleep, you can turn to insomnia treatment and prevention for getting a practical solution. Whether your problem is short-term or long-term, you can find insomnia treatment by knowing the answers to the following questions and taking the appropriate steps.


How to Know If I Have Insomnia

Some of the key symptoms of insomnia are feeling sleepy in the daytime and getting anxious or depressed, as per the National Institutes of Health. This mental state can interfere with focusing on tasks or learning new knowledge. In severe cases, insomnia is dangerous for drivers who run the risk of falling asleep while driving, causing an accident. About 30 percent of adults experience at least one of these symptoms.

What Can I Do to Prevent Insomnia?

Insomnia can be caused by various reasons, mainly from stress that comes from a death in the family or unfavorable working conditions. Insomnia treatment and prevention may involve:

  • Avoiding certain medications that can make insomnia worse.
  • It’s also advantageous to avoid caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol.
  • Another factor that contributes to insomnia is exposure to light in the dark from smartphones.

How Can I Get Rid of Insomnia?

Insomnia patients need to answer a series of questions from their doctor as the first step toward solving the problem.

  • They may be told to keep a sleep diary to monitor sleeping patterns.
  • Doctors can analyze the timing of the patient’s insomnia to determine what treatments are most appropriate.
  • They will also need to examine the patient’s medical history and conduct a physical exam.

How Do I Cure Insomnia?

Educating yourself about the causes and symptoms of insomnia is the best way to approach the problem. You should know that older people experience insomnia more than youths. By seeking treatment through health care, medical professionals will be able to assess your condition and the associated risks. Here are a few types of treatment involved:

  • Avoiding heavy meals
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Waking up at the same time each day
  • Recommending short-term prescription medicine

If your insomnia has persisted for a few months, you should consider insomnia treatment and prevention from 8-2-8 Urgent Care in Oceanside. We have a walk-in clinic for emergencies and can treat a wide range of illnesses or work-related injuries. Resolving your insomnia problem will raise your energy level and allow you to be more productive in meeting your goals.

7 Tick-Borne Illnesses You Need to be Aware of


During the warmer months in the United States, tick-borne illnesses account for more human diseases as compared to any other insect-borne illness. Lyme disease is the most prevalent tick-borne illness. However, over the past 50 years, a lot of new tick-borne illnesses have been discovered by scientists.

Read further to learn more about tick-borne diseases.

Types of Tick-Borne Diseases

Tick-borne diseases, also called zoonotic diseases are contagious diseases that can be spread between animals and humans. Ticks do not produce illness on their own but a virus or bacterium infested tick can lead to diseases in humans if the pathogens get transmitted from the tick’s bite.


7 of the most frequent tick-borne diseases in the United States include:

Lyme Disease – The bacteria causing Lyme disease spreads through the sting of an infected black-legged tick and is distinguished by the appearance of a rash in the shape of a bullseye.

Babesiosis – It is a protozoan infection caused by microscopic parasites that contaminate your red blood cells. It’s frequently spread from black-legged or deer ticks.

Ehrlichiosis-Ehrlichiosis is usually propagated by the lone star tick. Sometimes a rash may be visible due to it.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) – It’s also called spotted fever rickettsiosis and is a bacterial disease transmitted through various species of infected ticks.

Anaplasmosis – Anaplasmosis is bacterial infection spread by the black-legged ticks but is not as common as Lyme disease.

Tularemia – A highly contagious bacteria that is spread by dog, wood, or lone star ticks, is responsible for causing this disease.

Powassan Encephalitis – The virus known as Powassan (POW) causes this disease, through the bite of an infected tick. It does not transmit straightaway from person to person.

Symptoms of Tickborne Illness

Tickborne diseases can lead to mild symptoms, the treatments for which can range from home remedies to severe infections needing hospitalization. Many tickborne diseases can show common signs and symptoms. The most common indications of tick-related diseases are:

Fever/Chills – Patients can undergo fever at variable degrees with all tickborne diseases.

Aches and Pains – Symptoms of a headache, fatigue, muscle pains, and joint pains (in case of Lyme) are included in Tickborne disease.

Rash – Typical rashes accompany diseases such as Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF), tularemia, and more.

Neurological Problems – Over time, devoid of suitable treatments, inflammation of brain can occur.

Preventing Tick Bites
Tick exposure can take place all year-round, but during warmer months ranging from April to September, ticks are highly active. Early detection and treatment of the infection reduce the risk of severe complications.

  • Avoid areas with tall, woody and brushy grass and leaf litter. Instead, ensure to use the center of trails for walking.

  • Make sure to tick-proof your yard properly.

  • Make use of products comprising of 0.5% permethrin for treating clothing and gear.

  • Use insect repellents registered with Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that have ingredients like DEET.

  • Shower soon after being outdoors and cleanse your pets.

  • Remove a tick immediately with tweezers.

Here are a few commonly asked questions about tick-borne diseases:

What Are the Chances of Getting Lyme Disease From a Tick Bite?

Fortunately, every tick isn’t infected, so it’s not necessary that you will acquire a tick-borne disease after a tick bite. Even in tick-infested areas, less than 5 % of sting leads to an infection that is easy to manage. If a tick is eliminated within 24 hours of biting, chances of Lyme infection drops dramatically.

How Long Does It Take to Know if You Have Lyme Disease?

Following a tick bite, there is a likelihood of acquiring one of these illnesses, but every tick is not supposed to be a carrier. If you have acquired the infection, it may be a few days or months before the symptoms can be noticeable, or no symptoms may appear at all. The symptom type and severity can vary with the specific illness, however, there are some common symptoms. Advance diagnosis is needed for successful treatment of tick-borne illnesses, so it is crucial to get in touch with your healthcare provider if you are undergoing symptoms.

What Viruses Do Ticks Carry?

Some experts have reported that about 38 viral species are communicated by ticks. Tick-borne viruses are observed in six different families of viruses and nearly 9 genera. Some tick-borne viruses that are considered big threat to the human health include the Bourbon, Heartland, and Powassan viruses. Powassan virus can lead to dangerous brain inflammation and may spread in humans much quicker than Lyme.

In general, after a tick bite, or following an exposure to a tick habitat, you should consider the advice of a health care provider, especially if you undergo symptoms similar to the ones mentioned above. Antibiotics are helpful in treating most of the tick-borne diseases. Your healthcare provider will determine the appropriate medication and duration of tick bite treatment suitable for your condition.

Hepatitis C: What Are the Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options

Hepatitis C

Referred to as the ”silent epidemic,” hepatitis C is one of three hepatitis viruses that can lead to liver failure and silently disrupt the proper functioning of this vital organ. It does not show any blatant symptoms of infection in its early stages, but by the time people experience symptoms of Hepatitis C, they already have a progressive liver disease.

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), about 3.5 million of the population in the United States may be affected by chronic hepatitis C, but not everyone will develop a chronic infection. Approximately 30 percent possess a powerful immune response to defend the infection.

Read on to learn more about the Hepatitis C disease.

Hepatitis C

What Are the Symptoms of Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C has numerous symptoms and can occasionally be confused with the cold or flu, unless jaundice is noticed. A few of the most common symptoms include:

  • Extreme fatigue
  • Joint pain
  • Fever
  • Stomach pain
  • Nausea
  • Poor appetite
  • Sore muscles
  • Dark or orange urine
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes

A person may have the Hepatitis C virus for many years and not even realize it. There may be no symptoms in the beginning, but as they begin to appear, the skin and whites of the eyes may appear yellow or jaundiced.

How Is Hepatitis C Spread?

Hepatitis C disease is spread through blood to blood contact. Intravenous drug users who share needles or healthcare workers, who are exposed to the blood of a patient without wearing gloves, protective eye-wear, or face masks, are all at risk. Hepatitis C can also be spread through intimate contact. Individuals who have unprotected intercourse with multiple partners are also at an increased risk.

Hepatitis C cannot be spread through tears, sneezing, coughing, kissing, casual contact, or sharing a cup/eating utensils. Hepatitis C is transmitted in much the same way as HIV. Proper precautions should always be taken, especially if you don’t know whether or not your partner has Hepatitis C.

What Are Your Treatment Options?

Although all the three hepatitis viruses A, B, and C, cause liver disease, Hepatitis C is the one that cannot be prevented through vaccines. However, there are several treatment options available for the Hepatitis C disease. In some cases, the body may be able to fight off the virus on its own. If a person has tested positive for Hep C in the past, but tests negative for Hep C at a later date, the virus has run its course and is no longer an issue.

Some Do’s and Don’ts to Control Your Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal Allergies

What creates the beauty of spring also causes misery to many people, in the form of seasonal allergies. Freshly trimmed grass, blooming flora, and weeds discharge pollen which leads to various types of seasonal allergies. You can find relief for your allergy symptoms by visiting any healthcare center including a Family Care, Walk-In medical clinic, or an Urgent Care Clinic for Allergies Treatment.

The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology has reported that approximately 40 to 60 million people suffer annually from seasonal allergies in the U.S. and the numbers are rising every year.

Seasonal Allergies

What to Do and Not to Do With Seasonal Allergies

Seasonal allergies, also known as hay fever and allergic rhinitis, have the potential to make you miserable. However, even people with critical allergies can at least reduce their symptoms by performing a few simple things.

Do’s to Deal with Seasonal Allergies

While seasonal allergies may seem unmanageable, here are a few things you can do to control your allergies:

  • See a Doctor
    Many people who undergo seasonal allergies symptoms avoid doctor consultations and simply try to manage on their own. However, visiting any healthcare center to get properly diagnosed with allergies can offer major relief. Prescription allergy medication can easily alleviate the symptoms of people who suffer from serious allergies.

  • Take Medication at the Onset
    It’s important to start your allergy medication as soon as you observe symptoms, regardless of whether you own a prescription or consume over the counter allergy (OTC) medicine. This will provide you the opportunity to allow the medicine to work ahead of your symptoms before they become unbearable.

  • Observe the Pollen Count
    Pollen is one of the leading causes of seasonal allergies. When the number of pollens is huge, those susceptible to allergies will endure serious symptoms, especially if they’re outdoors. Thus, it’s important to be aware of the pollen count if you’re thinking of staying outdoors and be prepared for allergy symptoms in advance.

Don’ts to Deal with Seasonal Allergies

Just like other medical problems, certain things aggravate your allergies. Luckily, there are things you can avert doing to minimize your allergy symptoms:

  • Keep the Windows Open
    While you expect to get some fresh air into your home through open windows, allergens such as pollens also find easy access inside. You should try to maintain an allergen-free home during the allergy season to have a place safe enough to improve allergy symptoms.

  • Dry Washed Laundry Outside
    Hanging your washed laundry outdoors can also transport allergens into your home. Therefore, you should try to dry laundry inside, as frequently as possible. While this may seem exhausting, it will be worth it to keep the allergy-causing pollen at bay.

  • Neglect House Cleaning
    Spring cleaning is very important for your health. Some major tasks you should target before the arrival of the spring season include vacuuming, changing air filters, dusting, and cleaning windows. These chores will help reduce the count of allergens in your home.

The above-mentioned tips will help you withstand allergy season. If your allergies become worse, it’s crucial to seek medical care from the nearest urgent care clinic. Visiting an Urgent Care Clinic for Allergies Treatment is a great option for non-lethal allergic reactions.

All You Need To Know About Travel Vaccines and Immunizations

Travel Vaccines and Immunizations

It is everybody’s dream to get out of their comfort zone, explore various places, and experience the marvels of the world. But in the midst of all the enjoyment, there are risks to your health as well.

There’s no need to get scared or call off your trip. Instead of dismissing your travel goals, consider this an opportunity to get protection from potential diseases or health problem. There are easily accessible immunizations available for you to ensure that you take home only the wonderful memories of your trip. This is where the role of travel vaccinations begins.

Travel Vaccines and Immunizations

What Factors Are Considered for Travel Vaccination Requirements?

Once you finalize your international travel plans, it’s wise to schedule an appointment with a travel health guide to discuss your overall health and immunization requirements. Your requirements for specific travel vaccines will be considered on the basis of the following factors:

  • Your risk of vulnerability to diseases in the destination country
  • Your age, health status, and vaccination history
  • The existence of any extra individual risk components, like pregnancy
    Reactions to past vaccine doses and your allergy records (including travel medicine allergies)
  • The risk of contaminating others
  • Duration of travel abroad

Which Vaccines Are Require Before Traveling?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), all travelers are recommended to have the routine program of childhood vaccinations and booster doses. The CDC has categorized travel vaccinations into routine, recommended, and required vaccinations.

Routine Vaccinations- Are the ones normally given during childhood. In the US, routine vaccinations recommended for adults include:

  • Diphtheria/tetanus/pertussis (DTP)
  • Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B (HBV)
  • Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib)
  • Measles/mumps/rubella (MMR)
  • Poliomyelitis (IPV)

Recommended Vaccinations- Are administered to defend travelers from diseases that occur regularly in other parts of the world. A few examples of vaccines that may be recommended for international travelers include:

  • Typhoid- Transmitted through contaminated drinking water or food, and found throughout the world.

  • Rabies- Acquired by the bite of an infected animal and found in many countries including parts of south-east Asia, Brazil, China, and Sri Lanka.

  • Japanese Encephalitis- It is a mosquito-borne disease prevalent throughout Asia and the western Pacific regions.

Required Vaccinations- Some vaccinations are plainly recommended, while others are compulsory if traveling to particular countries. Examples of required or compulsory vaccines include yellow fever for traveling to tropical Africa and South America and meningococcal vaccine, which is necessary when visiting Saudi Arabia.

Safeguarding your health is not only a must for your own safety, but for the safety of your fellow travelers too!


Also Read: How to Prepare Yourself for the Cold and Flu Season 2017-2018

5 Simple Tips to Help You Stay Healthy During the Holidays

Eat Healthy

The holidays are a wonderful time to have fun with family and friends, rejoice in the festive spirit and be merry. Aside from it being the busiest time of year, the holiday season can also very much be a precursor to several health troubles. By following some simple tips you can maintain your health throughout the holiday season.

Christmas Celebration

Here are a few easy tips to enjoy the holidays while staying healthy and happy:

  1. Stay Germ-Free
    It’s flu season. Use an anti-bacterial soap and clean running water to wash your hands and rub for at least 20 seconds. Hand washing is the best way to keep the infections from spreading. An alcohol-based hand sanitizer can also be used regularly to get rid of dangerous germs.

  2. Germ Free

  3. Relieve Your Stress
    During the holidays, relaxation is an essential to keep yourself both mentally and physically in good shape in the upcoming year. You can choose from the many alternatives based on your liking to relieve your stress. Get involved in things that bring happiness to you.

  4. Relaxation

  5. Eat Healthy & Be Active
    Practice balance and moderation to enjoy the holidays in a healthy way. Replace candy with fresh fruit as a festive and sweet alternative. Consume fats, salt, and sugary foods in moderation. Discover enjoyable and productive ways to remain active daily, like dancing to your preferred holiday music, in order to prevent unwanted weight gain.

  6. Eat Healthy

  7. Drop off Liquid Calories
    Be cautious with beverage consumption. Alcohol can stimulate overeating and non-alcoholic drinks can be replete with an enormous amount of calories and sugar. Instead, choose some healthy alternatives like sugarless teas, zero calorie colas, and water.

  8. Healthy Drinks

  9. Grab Plenty of Sleep
    Having a good night’s sleep is thought to be among the best defenses against acquiring diseases anytime during the year. Consider it as preventive medicine and encourage your whole family to sleep early the night before a large celebration and reduce the anxiety during the holidays.

  10. Good Sleep

Cheers to a joyous and healthy holiday season for you and your family!

We know urgent medical problems usually occur unexpectedly, so when it does happen you can choose to visit 828 Urgent Care clinic in Oceanside, CA 7 days a week, including holidays. 828 Urgent Care is pleased to serve as an accessible and affordable urgent care option near you this holiday!